The issue of which partner is entitled to the engagement ring is a common question raised by our clients. The answer primarily depends on whether the separation took place before or after marriage. This article will focus on separation prior to marriage as this is the question on everyone’s mind.
It used to be that the engagement ring was treated as part of a contract and the party who broke off the relationship was considered to be in breach of that contract. However, the law on this topic has evolved significantly in Ontario. In 1977, the Ontario Marriage Act was passed, which abolished actions for a breach of promise to marry. This change in legislation impacted the right to recover a gift made ‘in contemplation of marriage” and led to significant developments in case law as judges found new ways to interpret the issue.
Despite its progress, the contemporary view on this matter is still plagued with inconsistencies. In recent case law, the engagement ring has been interpreted in some cases to be an unconditional gifts, but a conditional gift in others. In Mastromatteo v Dayball, Deputy J. wrote that “the gift of an engagement ring is just that – a gift”. He held that the notion of returning the engagement ring was “inconsistent both with the nature of a gift and the modern law relating to marriage”.
In contrast, Mackinnon J. saw the engagement ring as a conditional gift. Writing for the Superior Court of Ontario in Newell v Allen, the judge indicated that the common law provides that “a gift given in contemplation of marriage was recoverable on timely demand” if the gift giver was not responsible for ending the engagement, although the Marriage Act has removed consideration of fault. The applicant was ordered to return the diamond ring to her former fiancé.
Similarly, in the 2013 case of Pavan v Laudadio, the engagement ring was found to be “a conditional gift upon marriage of the parties”. However, in this case the recovery and delivery of the engagement ring was not possible as the defendant had disposed of it, therefore she was ordered to pay damages to her former-fiancé.
It is therefore possible to go to court to reclaim an engagement ring after separation. However, despite how frequently we are asked about such issues, these types of cases are rare. Generally speaking, these cases are reserved for rings that may be extremely valuable or have a strong sentimental value. Otherwise, the cost of a trial will outweigh the value of most rings. As always, the best way to understand and protect your rights is to consult a lawyer.
*The above is drafted by Soica Law Professional Corporation and not intended as legal advice.